Ethics & Standards


The Australian Backgammon Association (ABL) has formed a  Committee dedicated to helping the backgammon community achieve the highest possible levels of fair play, good sportsmanship, and appropriate behaviour.

We have two goals in seeking to maintain these higher ideals:

1) to assure that participation in organised backgammon play at all levels will be a fair and enjoyable experience;

2) to promote the game of backgammon in the most positive manner.

Members of the ABL and tournaments, clubs, playing sites, and all events which are sanctioned or supported by the ABL are expected to adhere to these Standards. Note that these Standards are intended to help tournament directors and players establish guidelines for play and conduct. Application and interpretation of the rules of play and conduct at individual tournaments is solely the responsibility of the tournament director and his appointed representatives.


Section 1. FAIR PLAY

The overriding principle that applies to any backgammon competition is that to the best of the organiser’s ability, everyone participating shall have a fair and equal chance to win any prizes, rating points, or recognition that may be offered. While organisers are free to use their judgment in many areas not specifically covered by the ABL Rules and Ethics & Standards, they are expected to demonstrate to all that providing a level playing field and ensuring fair play are the most important considerations in all decisions. Application of the rules and decisions relative to the draw, seeding, format, assignment to divisions, and awarding of prizes must all be done in the most transparent fashion possible to ensure that all may see and know the process by which these decisions are made. Special accommodations for handicapped or disabled people be should be provided if possible; participants are expected to be supportive of such accommodations.

Sanctioned or supported clubs, tournaments and events shall apply the ABL Rules of Play. Any departure or deviation from the said Rules shall be clearly stated in advance prior to entry.


The ABL requires all members and supported programs to maintain high standards of ethics and good sportsmanship. Backgammon is a skill game open to the entire public and to people of all kinds. Inappropriate language, attire, or offensive behavior will not be tolerated.

Illegal activities are, of course, specifically banned including but not limited to such things as cheating, fraud, violence or the threat of violence, slander and libel, and general disruptive behavior.

Good sportsmanship and friendly competition are required to be maintained by all ABL members and supported programs and events. Because backgammon is generally played without an official or referee, the players, themselves, are required to be fair and demonstrate good sportsmanship at all times. This includes calling attention to and correcting any irregularities (other than as specifically permitted by the rules), even if doing so is not in the player’s self-interest.

False or misleading statements and actions specifically designed to cause rule infractions by opponents, or to mislead directors or opponents with regard to facts (including identity masking or withholding information about previous experience), are in violation of these Standards.

Tournament Directors and event organisers have a responsibility to encourage, monitor, and enforce principles of fair play and good sportsmanship and are empowered and expected to take action as necessary to maintain these principles.


ABL members and the organisers of supported programs and events are expected to act in a manner that promotes a positive image and atmosphere for the game of backgammon, both in the actual events and outside of the events. Players who have grievances or complaints are free to express their views in a polite, appropriate manner, bringing any questions or complaints directly and privately to the attention of the event organiser or the ABL Committee. Public berating or harassment of tournament directors, players, or officials is not conducive to promoting a positive image for the game of backgammon or the ABL, nor is it the best approach to influence positive change, and therefore is not in keeping with these Standards.


Any ABL member who believes their rights to fair play and appropriate behavior as defined above have been violated is encouraged to first discuss said issues with the tournament or event organiser to see if appropriate action or satisfaction can be achieved in that manner. ABL members and tournament directors are also free to contact the ABL Committee via email as shown on the ABL Web Site and request an investigation into alleged violations of these Standards.

The ABL Committee will use its best judgment to determine how to handle complaints.

Note that in the event of a dispute, the primary goal of the ABL Committee is NOT to punish, ban, or embarrass any individual, but to help the people involved resolve differences of opinion and misunderstandings, to help ensure that any violations of these Standards are not repeated, and to maintain the good name and image of the game of backgammon and the ABL.

Any questions relative to these Standards may be addressed to the ABL Committee through the ABL web site.